How to make a great cup of coffee

If you’re at home and you’re wondering how you can make a great cup of coffee all by yourself, then you just clicked the right article. In this piece, we are going to take a look at all the benefits of drinking coffee and how to make coffee. We will take a look at:

  • Benefits Of Drinking Coffee
  • How to Choose and Brew Coffee Beans
  • How to Store Coffee Beans
  • How To Grind Your Coffee Beans
  • How To Choose and Use a Brewing Tool
  • Tips When Making Coffee By Yourself
 

If that sounds interesting to you, then let’s dive straight into it.



Benefits Of Drinking Coffee

    There are many huge benefits associated with drinking coffee in moderation. Some of which include:

1. It is an Anti-aging Agent

    Yes, that’s right. You live longer drinking coffee. Studies have been done with 700,000 people from different cultures, ethnicity, and racial backgrounds drinking coffee and the study found that those who drank more coffee had a lower risk of death. This study was published in the Annals of Medicine in 2017.

    The study found that non-white who drank 2 to 4 cups of coffee lowered their risk of death by 18% compared to non-coffee drinkers. They found that drinking more coffee lessened the chances of dying from stroke, kidney disease, heart diseases, cancer, and many other diseases.

    The study also considered a group of people living in 10 European countries. It was discovered that the top coffee drinkers were 25% less likely to die compared to those who didn’t drink coffee. This study was done for 16 years.

2. Drinking Coffee Helps You Burn Fat

    Caffeine is a common substance found in almost every fat burning supplement. This is because caffeine is one of the natural substances which helps us burn fat. A study found that caffeine raises our metabolic rate and ensures that we maximize our fat-burning ability, and this is evident because most of our energy drinks contain caffeine.

3. It is a High Source Of Antioxidants

    I mean you never would have thought about coffee as an anti-oxidant however, it is one of the best anti-oxidant out there. Research shows that coffee contains more polyphenol antioxidants than green tea, herbal tea, cocoa, and black tea. Two of the key compounds responsible for coffee’s health benefits are strong antioxidants; caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid. Coffee also increases the antioxidants in the blood, this is what scientists call ” plasma antioxidant capacity”.

    The caffeine found in coffee has been found to act as a safeguard against some malignant cells by modulating certain detoxifying enzymes. A study in 2017 showed that frequent coffee drinker was at an 18% decrease in the risk of cancer while occasional drinkers showed a 13% decrease in risk.

4. Helps Brain Function

    There is some evidence which shows the antioxidants present in coffee helps prevent Parkinson’s Disease, and also acts as a natural Alzheimer’s treatment.

    In an animal study, caffeine was introduced into the drinking water of mice who were young adults going into their older age. It was shown that caffeine helped protect the mice against memory loss lowered the brain’s level of an abnormal protein known as Abeta which is thought to be the main cause of Alzheimer’s development.

    It is good to know the benefits of drinking coffee, but how do you choose and brew the right coffee beans? Well, let’s take a look at that:

How To Choose and Brew Coffee Beans

    Well, specialty coffee has been growing and blossoming in the past 7 years by leaps and bounds. Well, as specialty coffee has blossomed and grown, we have a few problems; this is when you the consumer go to a coffee store, and you are bombarded with a wide variety of choices to make. This makes it extremely difficult for you to make the right coffee choice for you. This is why we are going to clarify some key points to look out for when choosing coffee beans.

    When you are looking at the label, you see the following information about the coffee bean:

  • The Farm
  • The Region
  • Country
  • Grade
  • Altitude
  • Variety
  • Roast
  • Vintage

    Country and Region

    Vintage is a very important indicator for looking for a good wine. The country and region of coffee beans is also a very important information to tell whether it is a good coffee bean. We here had collected some coffee beans’ information of different country and regions. Click here to see different coffee beans profile by country.

    Grade

    The grade simply refers to the size of the bean and the most common grades you’ll see are AA for Kenyans and Supremo for Colombians; these are larger beans that tend to be riper and are better processed. The next grade for instance in Kenya will be AB and in Colombia Excelsos.

    Altitude

    The next information on the coffee bean will be the altitude that you have and this is really an important concept in specialty coffee. Well, coffee that is fine quality usually starts at about 3,000 to 3,500 ft and goes up to about 6,000 to 7,000 feet. As you go from 3,500 ft, you’re getting what we call earthier coffees with good chocolate flavors and nuts and those sort of stuff. As you go up in altitude, the liveliness of the coffee which is referred to as acidity ( which is a good term just as it is in wine) also increases.

    The other thing that happens as the altitude increases is that you start to get more fruit flavors, and even floral notes as you go higher in altitudes. There is a certain exception to this rule, a typical example is the Hawaiian Kona which is grown in much lower altitudes however, very fine coffees can be grown there.

    Variety

    The next piece of information you might see on the coffee bean package is the variety of the coffee being grown. Again just like with wine, such as Pinot noir, cabernet sauvignon, we have the same thing with coffee beans.

    This is something that’s going to take a long time to familiarize yourself with. Well, each variety does affect the flavor of the coffee, there are some from Ethiopia with a very famous variety called Geisha which is a very rare and expensive coffee bean gives you a lemon, candy, and apricot flavor. This is clearly different from bourbon, and these are things you will need to familiarize yourself with as you go along.

    Roasted

    Finally, the piece of information will be the roast of the coffee. There are 6 main roast types when it comes to coffee, these roasts are categorized based on the number of minutes the coffee beans are roasted.

    The first type is the raw green coffee which is gotten once the coffee bean is taken out of the cherry.

    When roasted for 3 mins you get light green coffee beans due to the dehydration.

    In 6 minutes you get a pale coffee bean.

    9 minutes of roast gives you a brown coffee bean which is still unpalatable coffee.

    12 minutes of roast gives you an almost dark roast.

    And then about 15 minutes, you start to see oil bleed to the top of the coffee bean giving you a full dark roast like French roast and some of the dark roast that is known like Starbucks and Peet’s.

    So, this is the scale used to graded coffee based on the roast. You must know the roast scale because each person has his or her preference regarding roast.

  Vintage

    The final piece of information you’ll get is the vintage at the bottom, and that tells you when the coffee was harvested. In general, coffee is harvested and then available in the next 3 to 6 months. So, the vintage is just the concept of the freshness of the coffee.

Tips for Storing Coffee Beans

    So, you’ve purchased some amazing freshly roasted coffee, how do you take care of it after it arrives? Well, Check another article, that article will share with you some tips and should help your coffee be tasty and fresh.

How To Grind Coffee Beans

    When it comes to grinding coffee by yourself, there are three main rules to consider. These are:

1. Use a Burr Grinder

    We recommend you use a burr grinder and not a blunder or blade grinder because blade grinders just chop up the coffee beans and sometimes the blades get heated up and roast the coffee beans a little more. There are two types of Burr grinder available, these are the automatic burr grinder, which is pretty great, you just pop the beans in and you set the grind setting and you just let it fly. Well, most people like to use the manual grinder or hand burr grinder because it feels good to grind the beans all by yourself, and these manual grinders are perfect for travel.

2. Measure Your Bean Before You Grind

    So, when you do the proper coffee measurement using grams on a coffee scale, you want to measure out the whole bean and then you grind it.

3. Know Your Grind Settings

    There are three main grind settings when it comes to grinding coffee beans. These are fine, medium, and coarse. However, there are other grind settings between these settings too let’s take a look at a few:

    Extra coarse: that is when the grind sizes are like pieces of sea salt– this is perfect for cold brewing.

    Main coarse: the coarse grind is a good setting for french presses and anything with a mesh screen.

    Medium-coarse: this is right between coarse and medium and it is perfect for Chemex and pour-over systems.

    Medium: this is the ubiquitous setting for all commercially ground coffee, this type of grind setting is perfect for drip brewing coffee.

    Medium-fine: this is between medium and fine setting and this is perfect for pour-over coffee.

    Fine: this is the final set of the three main settings.And then finally, we have the extra fine.

    Remember these are guidelines for settings and you can experiment with any setting or brewing methods. So, if you like a fine grind with a French press, you can do that and if you’d like to try a coarse grind with an Aeropress, you can do that. Experiment and find what you like and then stick to it for as long as you want.

How To Choose and Use a Brewing Method

    Every brew method produces a different flavor in your final cup. The trick is knowing what you like, and exploring that brew method as much as possible! In this section, I’ll go over a variety of coffee brewing methods and how they affect the final flavor! There are several brewing methods out there, however, in the section, we will take a look at 4 main brewing methods:

1. Aeropress (Click the link to enter the page that step by step show you how to brew the coffee with aeropress) 

    With this method, you would depend on heat and compression to get good coffee. It gives you a compressed cup of coffee, also, it is small and easy to use and I recommend travelers get one. It is also easy to clean, and you have the option of using a paper filter. It gives a smooth and silky taste which isn’t too bitter and not irritating. You can adjust the taste of the coffee slightly according to the situation. Because an AeroPress gives you a compressed cup of coffee, you can add your twist to the coffee according to your preferences to become latte and other flavors, making time.

    However, it can only give you a small amount of coffee at a time maximum of about 4 cups. Also, you need to control the light pressure this is because too much pressure makes your coffee bitter.

2. French Press

    It has a metal filter and heavy body, and a lot of that classic coffee flavor. You lose nuance due to the immersion brewing and often the length of time people wait before they press and drink. This brewing method has a lot of room to play around as well and often the simplest way to make coffee in large batches.

    Furthermore, the french press makes the richest cups of coffee you’ll ever taste. It makes rich coffee than any other brewing tool out there. Also, you can use the french press for other purposes such as a milk foam if you do not have a milk foamer, and it makes a nice thick rich milk foam after you have steamed it. The french press comes in multiple sizes unlike the Aeropress, the French press comes in small, big, large, and any size. You can also get it in glass, or ceramic, and whatever shape or form you want it, this is because it has been around for ages.

3. Pour Over

    Pour-overs give you a good tasting coffee which has a rich aroma mostly it is sweet and juicy. It can be used can be done directly on the cup and it is more convenient, easy to carry, and easy to clean. Also, it is cheap.

    However, compared to a tool like the Aeropress, you cannot adjust the taste of the cup of coffee based on your preference. Also, it takes a while to get your cup of coffee ready to taste and you will need some auxiliary accessories such as a timer, weight scale, and fewer cups are made at a time.

 

4. AutoDrip

    With AutoDrip, you have control and it is pretty easy to use, it is less complex and convenient. However, it affects the coffee’s flavor. We highly recommend this to you if you prefer convenience to perfection.

How to make coffee with Pour over

    Tip When Making coffee by yourself: Pour over method

1. One of the key elements that affect the taste of your coffee beans is the type of filter you choose. There are two main types of filters which are the paper filters and metal filters. There are other ones such as cloth filters, ones using plastic, and so on. 

    Well, with the metal filter, it allows fine sediments to go through and with this, you are getting a different kind of body. What this means is that some fine sediment is running through and that will coat your mouth and give you a chewier sense of the coffee. But you will potentially be sacrificing grasping the body that has through its oils which tend to coat your mouth differently.

    Paper filter, on the other hand, gives you a clearer cup of coffee much like a glass of wine when you pour it, you can see right through it and there are no sediments.

2. Another key element that you need is great water. You can talk about the coffee bean and everything else, if you do not have great water, your coffee wouldn’t taste great either. We highly recommend you get spring water that tastes fresh, clean, and bright. Another way to make your water great is to filter your water, and there are many brands out there that give you that option. You never want to use distilled water– there has to be a certain amount of minerals in the water to get the right chemical reactions.

3. The other thing you need is the right temperature for that water. The water should be right at about 201 Fahrenheit, the minimum should be 195 degrees Fahrenheit and the maximum should be 205 degrees. However, somewhere in there, 201 is perfect.

    Well, let’s dive into the process:

    Step 1: Rinsing the Filter Paper

    Take your paper filter, it could be white or brown and brown has a little flavor if you’re not going to rinse it. So, you want to fold your paper filter and place it in your filter top. After this, what you want to do is to rinse the paper filter because if you do not rinse and you put the grounds in and you pour the water, you’re going to get much of a paper taste, no matter what paper filter that you use. Rinsing the filter paper does affect the flavor of the coffee.

    Step 2: Weigh and Grind

    Let’s say you’er going to make 12 fluid ounce of coffee. Now that your filter is prepped, you must weigh the coffee very precisely to get the right amount to brew 12 fluid ounces of coffee. You could do this using four tablespoons flat of coffee as well, then you’d use about 14 fluid ounces of hot water some of that is going to get absorbed by the coffee grounds and you’re going to be leftover with 12 ounces of actual coffee beverage. So, you can go that route, however, it wouldn’t be as much accurate as if you were to go with grams.

    So, you want to place your glass on your digital scale, and calibrate the scale to zero. When done, you want to pour the coffee beans until it gets to 25 grams– this is because some of the coffee gets stuck in the blender. When done, you want to put the beans into a grinder which should be a burr grinder as discussed above.

    When grinding, you want to go a little bit more coarse than what is normally recommended. Interesting enough, the finer the grind, the greater the percentage of actual dust that you’re getting, which is over-extraction. On the other hand, the coarser the grind, the smaller the percentage of dust, which means with a coarser grind, you need to brew a little longer to get the extraction right.

    So, after you grind your beans, pour the ground beans into the cup to reweigh your coffee, when it is 24 grams, you want to pour it in your filter and shake it around a little bit to flatten the coffee.

    The next thing you want to do is to add water, and we want to add the right amount of water. You can do this by placing the brewing tool together with the coffee on the scale and then calibrating the scale to zero since we only want to measure the water.

    Step 3: Brew Coffee

    Now, you want to have your hot water at 201 degrees. The first thing we want to do at this stage is to pre-wet the ground, this is because fresh coffee has a lot of carbon dioxide to it and by pre-wetting the ground, we expel a lot of the carbon dioxide before continuing, else you wouldn’t get a complete extraction. To do this, you want to pour about 40 to 50 grams of water and you make sure that you get all the grounds wet. This is called bloom.

    After waiting 20 seconds, you want to set your timer and you’re going to be looking for about two and a half minutes to two minutes and 40 seconds for your brewing process. What you want to do is to pour the water circularly and mostly equidistant from the center, and equidistant from the edges of the filter. You do not want to go over where the dome was formed, because then, you wouldn’t be extracting the coffee properly.

    As you pour the water in a kind of start and stop method, you want to keep an eye on the digital scale for 390 grams and when you get to 390 grams, you want to stop and let the coffee filter through. When done, it will be time to taste and when tasting, you want to pour a little amount of coffee into a glass to allow it cool and this will let you taste the coffee.

    This sums it up for our coffee guide. I hope with this guide, you’ll be able to choose the right coffee bean, and also make a great cup of coffee at your convenience. I hope you found this article helpful, if you did, feel free to share it with other coffee lovers like you. Also, if you have any questions or contributions, feel free to leave them in the comment section below.